Health and Nutrition
Q1. What are
the nutritional benefits of tomatoes?
A1. Tomatoes are a good
source of Vitamins A, C and E, beta-carotene and lycopene and
flavonoids ( also found in red wine and tea).
Tomatoes also contain
potassium, calcium and other mineral salts. Potassium has been linked
to lowering blood pressure and calcium is vital for healthy bones and
teeth. Grilled tomatoes are high in carotene and folate.
Q2. What is the link
between tomatoes and cancer prevention?
vitamins and antioxidants found in tomatoes are thought to combat the
harmful effects of free radicals (rogue molecules) that cause cell
damage, this can trigger such diseases as cancer and heart disease.
According to recent research, the natural red tomato pigment, lycopene,
may particularly active in protecting the body against these diseases.
Research has also shown that ripe, British tomatoes have a
considerably higher lycopene content than was thought to be the case,
especially compared with imported, long life types which are low in
Q3. What is
the calorific content of tomatoes?
are low in calories, typically containing only 14 calories per 100g. Another
bonus is that tomatoes
contain virtually no fat or no cholesterol.
Q4. How much
fibre is there in tomatoes?
A4. The fibre content
of a ripe tomato is 1.5% of total consumption.
Q5. What is
the water content of tomatoes?
A5. The water content
of a tomato is between 93-95% of total fruit composition.
Q6. Do you
lose nutrients through cooking tomatoes?
lose a certain amount through cooking, particularly vitamin and
flavonoids. Cooking however, may increase the concentration of other
nutrients, such as lycopene, which is more easily absorbed when tomatoes
are cooked in oil. Ideally plenty of both raw and cooked tomatoes
should be eaten.
Q7. How do
you store tomatoes?
people make the mistake of keeping their in the fridge, they are a
sub-tropical fruit and dislike the
cold which impairs natural ripening and flavour. Instead tomatoes
should be kept at room temperature.
Q8. Does it
mean that you have to cut out tomatoes if you are considering a
low-carbohydrate diet for weight loss?
and vegetables, including tomatoes, contain vitamins, minerals, fibre,
and health-promoting plant chemicals called "phytochemicals." Most fruit
and vegetables are low in calories and calories and not carbs are what
dieters should be most concerned about. Tomatoes and other fruit and
vegetables are naturally low in fat, cholesterol and sodium, making them
heart healthy, unlike the ample portions of fatty meat, cheese and cream
that some low carb diets recommend. Instead of avoiding healthful
fruits, vegetables and whole grains, reduce intake of starchy, sugary,
high calorie sources of carbohydrates, such as cookies, chips, cakes,
pastries and doughnut.
Q9. What is tomato
pulp good for?
pulp is very good for the skin. It refreshes, tones and aids
circulation and will restore acidity to the face after cleansing. To
make a tomato face pack, make a paste by mixing tomato pulp with
yoghurt. Apply to the face for 10-15 minutes, then wash off.
Q10. What is
tomato juice, said to be a good remedy for?
A10. Tomato juice is said
to be an excellent hangover remedy.
Q11. Do tomatoes help
to fight cancer?
at the Erasmus Medical Centre in Rotterdam, Holland, have found
synthetic lycopene slowed the growth of human prostate tumours in mice.
Lycopene has already been linked with reducing the risk of prostate
cancer. In their research, the Dutch scientists found a low does of
lycopene slowed the growth of human prostate tumours implanted in the
mice by over 50% by day 42 of the study, compared to mice who had not
had the treatment. And when lycopene was combined with vitamin E, it
reduced the growth of tumours by up to 73%. The researchers found that
levels of PSA (prostate specific antigen) matched the growth of the
tumour, meaning that can be used to monitor the treatments effects in
men. Dr Jacqueline Limpens, from the Erasmus Medical Centre found that
it was the low dose of both lycopene and vitamin E that was the most
effective, demonstrating that ‘more does not necessarily equal
better’. Although more research is needed before doctors could say if
a combined lycopene and vitamin E treatment could be given to healthy
men to prevent them developing prostate cancer.